From Fleece to Fabric: A Step-by-Step Guide to Wool Processing

Wool Processing

Wool has been used for centuries to create warm, durable textiles that are perfect for a wide range of garments and home decor items. The process of turning raw wool into fabric is a time-honoured tradition that requires skill and patience, but the end result is always worth the effort. This article will provide a step-by-step guide on how to make wool, including tips for selecting the right type of wool, preparing the fleece for processing, and transforming it into beautiful fabric. 

Selecting the Right Type of Wool

The first step in wool processing is selecting the right type of wool. There are many different breeds of sheep, each with its own amazing characteristics and properties. Some breeds produce fine and soft wool, while others produce coarser and more durable wool. Choosing the correct type of wool for your project is essential to ensure you get the desired result. You can consult a wool expert or research its different varieties to determine the best for your project.

Washing and Preparing the Fleece

Once you have selected your wool, the next step is to prepare the fleece for processing. This involves washing the fleece to remove any dirt, grease, or other impurities. You can use a mild detergent and lukewarm water to wash the fleece, being careful not to agitate it too much as this can cause felting. After washing, you will need to rinse the wool several times to remove any soap residue. Once the thread is clean, you can spread it to dry in a well-ventilated area.

Carding the Wool

After the fleece is dry, it is time to card the wool. Carding is the process of separating and aligning the fibres of the fleece to create a smooth, even texture. You can use a hand carder or a drum carder to do this, depending on the amount of wool you are working with. The goal is to create a fluffy, spinnable material free of knots or tangles.

Spinning the Yarn

Once the wool is carded, it is time to spin it into yarn. You can use a spinning wheel or a drop spindle to do this. The goal is to create a yarn that is consistent in thickness and texture. This may take some practice, but with time and patience, you can create a beautiful thread perfect for knitting, crocheting, or weaving.

Weaving the Fabric

Once your yarn has been spun, the next step is to weave it into the fabric. You can use a floor loom or a handloom to do this. The goal is to create a fabric that is strong, durable, and free of defects. This may take some time and practice, but with the correct tools and techniques, you can create a beautiful wool fabric perfect for various projects.

Finishing the Fabric

After completing the weaving process, the final step is to finish the fabric. This involves blocking the fabric to ensure it is the correct size and shape. You can also add a hem or other finishing touches to give your material a polished look. With the proper finishing techniques, you can create a soft, warm wool fabric perfect for a wide range of garments and home decor items.


Wool processing is a time-honoured tradition that requires skill, patience, and a deep appreciation for the beauty and versatility of this unique fibre. By following these simple steps, you can learn how to make wool and turn raw wool into a beautiful fabric perfect for a wide range of projects. Whether you are an experienced weaver or a beginner just starting out, wool processing is a crucial skill that can open up a world of creative possibilities. By choosing the right tools and techniques and working with the highest quality wool, you can create fabrics that are soft, warm, and durable. With a little practice and perseverance, you, too, can master the art of wool processing in free online training and enjoy the many rewards of working with this timeless material.


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